6) VST's & MIDI (USB vs DIN)

MIDI equipment is an essential component of any home studio setup. Modern MIDI, or USB MIDI, allows musicians and producers to control Digital Audio Workstations (DAWs) and virtual instruments with greater precision and flexibility. Two of the most common types of USB MIDI equipment are MIDI keyboards and MIDI drum pads. It is important to note that some equipment is specifically designed to work better with certain hardware or software, such as DAWs. It is always best to learn as much as you can about one piece of gear before buying it and always avoid spontaneous purchases.


MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) has been the standard protocol for electronic musical instruments since its introduction in the 1980s. However, as technology has advanced, so too have the ways in which MIDI can be transmitted. The two most common methods of MIDI transmission are via USB MIDI and DIN MIDI.

DIN MIDI, or simply MIDI, refers to the traditional 5-pin DIN connector that has been the standard for MIDI transmission since its inception. DIN MIDI cables are still widely available and can be used to connect almost any MIDI-compatible device. DIN MIDI offers a reliable and stable connection, with minimal latency and no need for drivers or additional software. Additionally, DIN MIDI cables can transmit MIDI data over long distances without signal degradation.

On the other hand, USB MIDI offers a more versatile and modern approach to MIDI transmission. USB MIDI allows for faster and more flexible data transfer, as well as the ability to power devices through the USB connection. Additionally, USB MIDI eliminates the need for a MIDI interface, as many devices now come equipped with a USB port. This means that musicians can connect their MIDI-compatible instruments directly to a computer or mobile device for easy integration with software-based music production tools.

However, USB MIDI also comes with its own set of challenges. For one, not all devices are compatible with USB MIDI, and the need for drivers and software updates can be a hassle. Additionally, USB MIDI cables can suffer from signal degradation over longer distances, and the added latency of USB transmission can affect performance.

Despite these differences, both USB MIDI and DIN MIDI have their respective strengths and weaknesses. Ultimately, the choice of which method to use will depend on the specific needs and preferences of the user. Musicians who require a reliable and stable connection may prefer DIN MIDI, while those who prioritize speed and flexibility may opt for USB MIDI.

It is worth noting that some MIDI devices now offer both USB and DIN MIDI connectivity options, providing users with the best of both worlds. Additionally, advances in wireless MIDI technology have made it possible to transmit MIDI data over Bluetooth or Wi-Fi, further expanding the options available for MIDI transmission. However, some wireless MIDI devices

USB MIDI Keyboards and Drum Pads

MIDI keyboards, such as the Novation Launchkey and the Akai MPK Mini, allow users to play and control virtual instruments with the touch of a key. These keyboards come in a range of sizes and styles, from compact mini keyboards with fewer keys to full-size keyboards with weighted keys for a more authentic piano feel. MIDI keyboards with pads, such as the Akai MPK Mini MK3 or the Novation Launchkey Mini MK3, offer added versatility for drum programming and sample triggering.

MIDI drum pads, such as the Akai MPD218 or the Alesis SamplePad Pro, provide a tactile interface for creating and programming drum beats and other percussion patterns. These pads allow users to create complex rhythms with ease and precision, and are often used in conjunction with MIDI keyboards to create fully-realized tracks.

While having a variety of MIDI equipment and VSTs can be beneficial, it is important to remember that mastering the gear you already have is more important than constantly buying new equipment. By practicing and honing your VST knowledge with the MIDI gear you own, you can achieve greater control and more nuanced performances.

Virtual Studio Technology (VST)

When it comes to music production, MIDI tracks and VSTs (Virtual Studio Technology) have become essential tools for many producers. MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) tracks are digital tracks that contain instructions for a virtual instrument or synthesizer to play back. VSTs are software plugins that can be used within a DAW (digital audio workstation) to create digital sounds, imitating traditional instruments or creating entirely new sounds.

One of the main benefits of using MIDI tracks and VSTs is the flexibility they offer. Instead of being limited to the sounds of traditional instruments, producers can create a vast range of sounds and textures, including sounds that may not be possible with traditional instruments. Additionally, MIDI tracks allow producers to edit and adjust their performances after the fact, enabling them to fine-tune their compositions until they sound just right.

One popular VST is Native Instruments' Massive, a software synthesizer that has become a staple in electronic music production. Massive offers a wide range of sounds, from deep basses to soaring leads, and its intuitive interface makes it easy to create and edit sounds. Another popular VST is Serum, developed by Xfer Records. Serum is known for its high-quality sound and ease of use, making it a great choice for producers of all skill levels.

However, using MIDI tracks and VSTs does come with some drawbacks. One of the most significant drawbacks is that some producers may feel that the digital sounds created by VSTs lack the warmth and character of traditional instruments. Additionally, VSTs can be resource-intensive, requiring a powerful computer to run smoothly. Despite these drawbacks, many producers have found that the benefits of using MIDI tracks and VSTs outweigh any potential downsides.

One of the main advantages of using MIDI tracks and VSTs is the ability to create realistic instrument sounds without needing access to a physical instrument. For example, if a producer wants to include a piano in their composition but does not have access to a real piano, they can use a piano VST to create a convincing sound. Similarly, if a producer wants to include orchestral elements in their composition, they can use a range of orchestral VSTs to create the desired sound.

Another benefit of using VSTs is the ability to manipulate sounds in ways that would not be possible with traditional instruments. For example, a producer can use a synthesizer VST to create entirely new sounds by adjusting the oscillator and filter settings. With traditional instruments, producers are limited to the sounds that the instrument can produce, whereas VSTs offer a seemingly limitless range of possibilities.

In conclusion, while traditional instruments will always have their place in music production, MIDI tracks and VSTs offer a level of flexibility and versatility that cannot be matched. By using MIDI tracks and VSTs, producers can create a vast range of sounds, from realistic instrument sounds to otherworldly textures. While there are some drawbacks to using these tools, the benefits are clear. Whether you're an electronic music producer or a songwriter looking to expand your sonic palette, MIDI tracks and VSTs are worth exploring.

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